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Microfabrication of individual 200 um diameter transdermal microconduits using high voltage pulsing in salicylic acid and benzoic acid
Ilic L, Gowrishankar TR, Vaughan TE, Herndon TO, Weaver JC
Journal of Investigative Dermatology 116 (1): 40-49 JAN 2001

We describe an extension of semiconductor fabrication methods that creates individual approximate to 200 mum diameter aqueous pathways through human stratum corneum at predetermined sites. Our hypothesis is that spatially localized electroporation of the multilamellar lipid bilayer membranes provides rapid delivery of salicylic acid to the keratin within corneocytes, leading to localized keratin disruption and then to a microconduit. A microconduit penetrating the isolated stratum corneum supports volumetric flow of order 0.01 ml per s with a pressure difference of only 0.01 atm (about 10(2) Pa). This study provides a method for rapidly microengineering a pathway in the skin to interface future devices for transdermal drug delivery and sampling of biologically relevant fluids.

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